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Communication dans un congrès

Impact of transgenic insect resistance in introgressed wild Brassica populations

Abstract : Gene flow between crops and their wild relatives may lead to interspecific hybrids and result in the introgression in weed populations of any novel trait breeded in the crop. Transgenes are typically novel genetic constructions aimed to improve agronomic quality of crops. Consequently, introgression from genetically modified crops to their relatives might increase the fitness of receiving plants and impact the dynamics and invasiveness of related weeds. In particular, it is a concern in the case of oilseed rape, Brassica napus, and its wild relative B. juncea. Besides herbicide-resistance which directly impacts weed survival, other traits can be beneficial to weeds, such as disease and insect resistance. Two approaches are developed here to estimate how fast can increase the frequency of insect-resistant plants in a weed recipient population. For the first approach, we simulated insect-mediated damage by clipping leaves of different proportions of plants in artificial B. juncea populations. For the second approach, we applied insects on B. juncea x B. napus advanced backcross generations harboring a Bt transgene. Simulated damage did not result in per-plant and per-plot seed production difference in pure stands, but a significant penalty was observed in mixed-plant-type plots. However, growth conditions with decreased competition intensity erased these differences. Conversely, no difference was observed in mixed plots of Bt-transgenic and non-transgenic BC2 under insect attack, but the whole plot production increased with increasing proportion of resistant plants. This discrepancy was attributed to a halo effect protecting the non-transgenic plants, while this biotic interaction was not triggered by simulation. The consequences for weed infestation and competition against the crop are discussed.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02808478
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : samedi 6 juin 2020 - 05:22:30
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 juin 2020 - 10:43:26

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  • HAL Id : hal-02808478, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 272190

Citation

Yong-Bo Liu, Wei Wei, Zhi Xi Tang, C. Neal Jr. Stewart, Ke-Ping Ma, et al.. Impact of transgenic insect resistance in introgressed wild Brassica populations. 6. International Weed Science Congress, Jun 2012, Hangzhou, China. ⟨hal-02808478⟩

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