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Adapting ecotoxicological tests based on earthworm behavior to assess the potential effectiveness of forest soil liming

Abstract : Two laboratory experiments were carried out to determine the potential effects of lime application on the behavior of earthworms inoculated in an acidified forest soil from Vosges Mountains. Several field soils were studied: (i) a non-limed soil that had received decades of atmospheric acid depositions (pHH2O=3.9), (ii) an in situ limed soil that had been limed 6 years before at 2.5 t ha−1(pHH2O=4.2) and (iii) in vitro limed soils composed of non-limed soil mixed with several lime amounts in the laboratory corresponding to field rates of 1, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 t ha−1. Firstly, we adapted the earthworm avoidance test (ISO, 2006) by using Eisenia fetida as the model organism and Lumbricus castaneus, a local species, to determine earthworm preference between non-limed and limed soils. Secondly, a cast production (CP) study was performed according to Capowiez et al. (2009) with Lumbricus terrestris, in seven different treatments (non-limed soil, in situ limed and five in vitro limed soils with pH from 5 to 6.3). Both species avoided the non-limed soil in favour of in situ and in vitro limed soils for both species. Results of the CP bioassay showed that the bioturbation behavior of L. terrestris significantly increased with the increase of soil pH, following a dose–response curve. However, in the long term (>6 years), the application of lime was insufficient to significantly improve soil conditions for enhancing earthworm activity. In conclusion, we may recommend this kind of earthworm laboratory tests with field soils to assess any changes in soil quality over time due to liming application
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02810421
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 6, 2020 - 8:26:00 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 4, 2022 - 4:00:04 PM

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Apolline Auclerc, Johanne Nahmani, Pierre Huguier, Yvan Capowiez, Delphine Aran, et al.. Adapting ecotoxicological tests based on earthworm behavior to assess the potential effectiveness of forest soil liming. 9. International Symposium on Earthworm Ecology, Sep 2010, Xalapa, Mexico. ⟨10.1016/j.pedobi.2011.09.011⟩. ⟨hal-02810421⟩

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