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Assessment report of strategies: Montpellier case study

Abstract : This assessment report of strategies for the Montpellier case study presents three territorial levels: the Agglomeration, three communes in the context of agriculture dynamics and one commune which is involved in a flood protection plan. This study follows the general framework of the module 3 in the PLUREL project, which proposes to use criteria to assess the strategies and describe the regional level of performance in front of issues or challenges located in the urban fringe. The first part considers the Scheme of Territorial Coherence (SCoT) of Montpellier’s Agglomeration with the main challenge to use the concept of landscape for the metropolitan project. In this part, one important result is that landscape was “both an element of consensus and division” and made important impacts on strategy: conceptual approach and adhesion of local public actors were efficient. The second step of the report proposes a view on the implementation of the Scot in municipalities of Montpellier Agglomeration, with two poles (regional planning and local development). In this part, three strategies are considered: territorial governance (cooperation among local governments in the field of spatial planning), the intensified urban development, and agriculture in the city-region development project (to interrogate farming as a “natural way” to manage urban / rural limit in urban fringes). As a conclusion of this chapter on the implementation of the Scot at municipal level, the author considers “the strategy of Montpellier Agglomeration as successful for a major part”. Local elected representatives of Montpellier Agglomeration unanimously adopted the Scot and are following its recommendations when implementing new urban developments at municipal level, particularly a major recommendation about urban intensification. About the role dedicated to farming, the study shows greater difficulties in the local reality: speculative strategies are still observed on land market in urban fringes. (land owners are still expecting their land to be developed as the best alternative for their future). The consequence is a weak of farming in urban fringes, amplified by the general agricultural crisis. The last part gives attention to risk management, with the illustration of an intervention of Montpellier Agglomeration to prevent flooding in the municipality of Lattes. The strategy was under strong constraints: risk protection plan is a State framework to apply in local hazardous context. An emergency to implement a flood risk prevention plan has been integrated into spatial planning of Montpellier Agglomeration and the commune. A first strategy failed face to the logic of private land owners and a second strategy, more expensive, was finally implemented. Despite revisions of procedures, which are consequence of the first initial emergency, the strategy is ultimately an interesting opportunity for the Agglomeration to justify its general management areas and to build its local identity and its solidarity role in the face of risks generally exceeds the capacity of municipalities to cope.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02821133, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 44911


Jennifer Buyck, Jean-Pierre Chéry, Françoise Jarrige. Assessment report of strategies: Montpellier case study. [Contract] 036921. Module 3, D3.3.9, 2010. ⟨hal-02821133⟩



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