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Le choix des principes, critères et indicateurs de développement durable de l’aquaculture : étapes et conditions de l’appropriation du développement durable

Abstract : In spite of the abundance of initiatives aiming at constructing sustainable development indicators, we observe today that a few attempts have been made regarding sustainable development appropriation. This brings up the question of conditions and procedures of its implementation. Firstly, the authors illustrate the abundance of referentials and initiatives enabling to implement sustainable development in aquaculture. They develop a chart to assess such initiatives with regards to the main features of sustainable development. Secondly, this paper outlines the co-construction approach of principles, criteria and indicators, selected in reference to the assumption that implementing sustainable development requires a stakeholder commitment and a collective learning process. The construction of indicators is based on criteria which refer to principles accounting for local issues and stakeholder representations of sustainable development. The Principles-Criteria-Indicators approach is then compared to other experiences supporting the co-construction of territorial sustainable development indicators. Finally, the third part of the paper provides a reflexive analysis of the protocol which is proposed so as to develop a more general inventory of conditions and procedures for the appropriation of sustainable development. Focusing on these conditions and procedures outlines the need for collective learning regarding the appropriation of a new value system. They also emphasize on the organizational and institutional conditions of this learning process ; this implies defining a co-construction system and taking into account intermediate elements. Consequently, the proposed approach underlines the multiplicity of indicator functions, in particular their normative construction function, which goes well beyond providing measuring means and information. As a result, criteria and indicators are “facilitating” and “mediating” tools for stakeholders, employed in the deconstruction/construction process for implementing sustainable development. Thus the authors agree with the recent observations stemming from the evaluation of sustainable development indicators’ construction approaches. These approaches demonstrate the significance of their supporting role in the consultation process as well as in the expression and convergence of representations. In the range of tools used for supporting learning processes and developing collective approaches, compared with traditional systems for supporting the consultation process, the collective construction of sustainable development indicators provides a “double dividend” insofar as the assessment of sustainable development public policies is also reinforced. Finally, the proposed co-construction process is able to provide collective construction of a new standard ; it may then be considered as an opportunity for stakeholders to promote the specificities and the diversity of their personal opinions and situations, based on open-minded logic and dialogue. In fine and more generally, it leads to the following question : what are the governance conditions which facilitate the implementation and the appropriation of sustainable development ? This also draws attention to the conditions and procedures required for assessing sustainable development indicators.
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Conference papers
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 6, 2020 - 11:05:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 3:31:42 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02824847, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 33407

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Helene Rey-Valette, Olivier Clément, Syndhia Mathe, Eduardo Chia, Jérôme Lazard, et al.. Le choix des principes, critères et indicateurs de développement durable de l’aquaculture : étapes et conditions de l’appropriation du développement durable. Instituer le développement durable : appropriation, professionnalisation, standardisation, Nov 2007, Lille, France. 16 p. ⟨hal-02824847⟩

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