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Conference Papers Year : 2002

Complications associated with cannula insertion techniques used for laparoscopy in standing horses

Abstract

Objective— To report our experience and complications associated with different cannula insertion techniques for laparoscopy in standing horses. Study Design— Retrospective study. Sample Population— Forty horses that had laparoscopy for diagnostic or surgical purposes. Methods— After a physical examination, including rectal palpation, standing laparoscopy was performed in 40 sedated horses. Local anesthetic was injected at each site of cannula insertion in the left flank. Horses were divided into 5 groups: Pneumoperitoneum was induced before cannula insertion using a Verres needle (group 1, n = 3) or a 12-g catheter (group 2, n = 14); the cannula was inserted before inducing a pneumoperitoneum (group 3, n = 9); the cannula was inserted under visual control, using an operating laparoscope (group 4, n = 2) or a Visiport Optical Trocar (group 5, n = 12). Horses were observed for 7 days. Results— Problems with insufflation or cannula insertion occurred in 12 horses: 6 had peritoneal detachment, 4 had a splenic puncture, and 2 had descending colon puncture. Eleven of these complications occurred in groups 1 to 3 and only 1 in groups 4 and 5. Conclusions— The Visiport optical device allows controlled insertion of the initial trocar, and thus avoided potential problems associated with “blind” cannula insertion techniques and was used effectively in horses that had feed withheld for 12 hours. This technique enables direct insertion of a cannula directly into the right flank. Clinical Relevance— Complications associated with initial cannula insertion in the paralumbar fossa, for laparoscopy, in standing horses can be minimized with the use of an optical cannula.
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Dates and versions

hal-02833130 , version 1 (07-06-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02833130 , version 1
  • PRODINRA : 162202

Cite

Louis-Marie Desmaizières, Stéphane Martinot, Olivier M. Lepage, Emmanuel Bareiss, Jean-Luc Cadore. Complications associated with cannula insertion techniques used for laparoscopy in standing horses. 11. Annual Meeting of the European College of Veterinary Surgeons (ECVS), Jul 2002, Vienne, Austria. ⟨hal-02833130⟩
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