An energy-based model to analyze growth data of earthworms exposed to two fungicides - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2020

An energy-based model to analyze growth data of earthworms exposed to two fungicides

Abstract

The pesticide risk assessment for earthworms is currently performed using standardized tests, the model species Eisenia fetida, and the analyses of the data obtained are performed with ad hoc statistical tools. We assessed the impact of two fungicides on the entire growth pattern of the earthworm species Aporrectodea caliginosa, which is highly representative of agricultural fields. Individuals of three different ages (from hatching to 56 days old) were exposed to Cuprafor micro(R) (copper oxychloride) and Swing(R) Gold (dimoxystrobin and epoxiconazole). Data were analyzed with an energy-based toxicodynamic model coupled with a toxicokinetic model. The copper fungicide caused a drastic growth inhibition once the no effect concentration (NEC), estimated at 65 mg kg(-1) of copper, was exceeded. The Swing(R) Gold negatively affected the growth with NEC values estimated at 0.387 mg kg(-1) and 0.128 mg kg(-1) for the dimoxystrobin and the epoxiconazole in this fungicide formulation, respectively. The time-profile of the effects on A. caliginosa individuals was fully accounted for by the model, whatever their age of exposure. Furthermore, toxicity data analyses, supported by measurements of fungicide concentrations in earthworm at the end of the experiment, allowed bettering understanding of the mechanisms of action of the fungicides towards earthworm growth.
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Dates and versions

hal-02882422 , version 1 (20-11-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Sylvain Bart, Céline Pelosi, Sylvie Nelieu, Isabelle Lamy, Alexandre R.R. Pery. An energy-based model to analyze growth data of earthworms exposed to two fungicides. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2020, 27 (1), pp.741-750. ⟨10.1007/s11356-019-06985-z⟩. ⟨hal-02882422⟩
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