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Association between dietary fibre intake and asthma (symptoms and control): results from the French national e-cohort NutriNet-Santé

Roland Andrianasolo 1, * Serge Hercberg 1, 2 Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot 1 Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo 1 Mathilde Touvier 1 Pilar Galan 1 Raphaëlle Varraso 3
* Auteur correspondant
1 CRESS - U1153 - Equipe 3: EREN- Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle
UP13 - Université Paris 13, INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM], CRESS (U1153 / UMR_A_1125 / UMR_S_1153) - Centre de Recherche Épidémiologie et Statistique Sorbonne Paris Cité
Abstract : Despite growing evidence suggesting a potential health benefit of high fibre intake for the prevention of chronic inflammatory diseases, studies regarding the role of total dietary fibre intake, types and sources of fibre on asthma are lacking. The present study aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association of dietary fibre intakes and source of fibre with the asthma symptom score and asthma control. A total of 35 380 participants from the NutriNet-Sante cohort were included. Asthma was defined by the asthma symptom score and asthma control by the asthma control test. Fibre intake (g/d) was categorised according to sex-specific quintiles. Multi-adjusted negative binomial regressions were used to evaluate the association between dietary fibre with the asthma symptom score and logistic regressions with asthma control. Participants were aged on average 54 years. After adjustment for confounders, higher intake of total, soluble, insoluble fibres from cereals, fruit and seeds were significantly negatively associated with the asthma symptom score both among women and men; OR for the highest quintile of total dietary fibre compared with the lowest quintile were 0 center dot 73 (95 % CI 0 center dot 67, 0 center dot 79) in women and 0 center dot 63 (95 % CI 0 center dot 55, 0 center dot 73) in men. We also found inverse significant associations between total, soluble and insoluble fibre with uncontrolled asthma; OR for participants in the highest quintile of total dietary fibre was 0 center dot 72 (95 % CI 0 center dot 55, 0 center dot 95) in women and 0 center dot 45 (95 % CI 0 center dot 26, 0 center dot 79) in men. Our results suggested that higher intake of dietary fibre, mostly insoluble fibre and fibre from cereals, was associated with fewer asthma symptoms and greater asthma control.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02899537
Déposant : Christopher Lallemant <>
Soumis le : mercredi 15 juillet 2020 - 11:49:08
Dernière modification le : vendredi 11 septembre 2020 - 10:42:09

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Roland Andrianasolo, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Mathilde Touvier, et al.. Association between dietary fibre intake and asthma (symptoms and control): results from the French national e-cohort NutriNet-Santé. British Journal of Nutrition, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2019, 122 (9), pp.1040-1051. ⟨10.1017/S0007114519001843⟩. ⟨hal-02899537⟩

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