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Nutritional quality of food consumed (graded by the FSAm-NPS / Nutri-Score) and mortality in Europe

Mélanie Deschasaux 1, * I. Huybrechts 2 N. Murphy 2 Chantal Julia 1, 3 Serge Hercberg 1, 3 Bernard Srour 1 P. Ferrari 2 E. Riboli 4 M. Gunter 2 Mathilde Touvier 1
* Corresponding author
1 CRESS - U1153 - Equipe 3: EREN- Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle
UP13 - Université Paris 13, INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM], CRESS (U1153 / UMR_A_1125 / UMR_S_1153) - Centre de Recherche Épidémiologie et Statistique Sorbonne Paris Cité
Abstract : Unhealthy diets are major contributors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and related deaths. To help consumers make healthier food choices, political authorities are considering implementing a simple label to reflect the nutritional quality of food products. The Nutri-Score, based on the nutrient profiling system of the Food Standards Agency (FSAm-NPS), was chosen by several countries in Europe (France, Belgium, Spain). Yet, its implementation is only voluntary per EU regulation. Scientific evidence is therefore needed regarding the relevance of the FSAm-NPS at the European level. Hence, our objective is to study how the nutritional quality of foods consumed graded by the FSAm-NPS relates to NCDs-related mortality in European populations.Our prospective analyses included 501,594 adults from the EPIC cohort (1992-2015, median follow-up: 17.2y). Usual food intakes were assessed with standardized country-specific methods. The FSAm-NPS was calculated using the 100g content of each food in energy, sugar, saturated fatty acid, sodium, fibres, proteins, and fruits/vegetables/legumes/nuts. Multi-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were computed.The consumption of foods with a higher FSAm-NPS score (lower nutritional quality) was associated with a higher risk of mortality overall (n = 50,743 events: HRQ5vs.Q1=1.06 [95%CI: 1.02-1.09], P-trend<0.001) and by cancer (n = 21,971 events: HRQ5vs.Q1=1.06 [1.01-1.11], P-trend=0.003), respiratory diseases (n = 2,796 events: HRQ5vs.Q1=1.33 [1.16-1.52], P-trend<0.001) and cardiovascular diseases, although more weakly (n = 12,407 events: HRQ5vs.Q1=1.05 [0.98,1.11], P-trend=0.04. In this large multinational European cohort, consuming foods with a higher FSAm-NPS score was associated with higher mortality, supporting the relevance of the FSAm-NPS to grade the nutritional quality of food products for public health applications (e.g, Nutri-Score) to guide the consumers towards healthier food choices.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 11, 2020 - 11:22:24 AM
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Mélanie Deschasaux, I. Huybrechts, N. Murphy, Chantal Julia, Serge Hercberg, et al.. Nutritional quality of food consumed (graded by the FSAm-NPS / Nutri-Score) and mortality in Europe. 12th European Public Health Conference Building bridges for solidarity and public health, Nov 2019, Marseille, France. ⟨10.1093/eurpub/ckz185.414⟩. ⟨hal-02914075⟩



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