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Can winged aphid abundance be a predictor of cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus epidemics in melon crop?

Abstract : Aphid-borne viruses are frequent yield-limiting pathogens in open field vegetable crops. In the absence of curative methods, virus control relies exclusively on measures limiting virus introduction and spread. The efficiency of control measures may greatly benefit from an accurate knowledge of epidemic drivers, in particular those linked with aphid vectors. Field experiments were conducted in southeastern France between 2010 and 2019 to investigate the relationship between the epidemics of cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (CABYV) and aphid vector abundance. Winged aphids visiting melon crops were sampled daily to assess the abundance of CABYV vectors (Aphis gossypii, Macrosiphum euphorbiae and Myzus persicae) and CABYV was monitored weekly by DAS-ELISA. Epidemic temporal progress curves were successfully described by logistic models. A systematic search for correlations was undertaken between virus variables including parameters µ (inflection point of the logistic curve) and γ (maximum incidence) and aphid variables computed by aggregating abundances on periods relative either to the planting date, or to the epidemic peak. The abundance of A. gossypii during the first two weeks after planting was found to be a good predictor of CABYV dynamics, suggesting that an early control of this aphid species could mitigate the onset and progress of CABYV epidemics in melon crops.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 24, 2020 - 9:14:12 AM
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Alexandra Schoeny, Loup Rimbaud, Patrick Gognalons, Gregory Girardot, Pauline Millot, et al.. Can winged aphid abundance be a predictor of cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus epidemics in melon crop?. Viruses, MDPI, 2020, 12 (9), pp.911. ⟨10.3390/v12090911⟩. ⟨hal-02919776⟩



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