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Impact of supplementation on deleterious mutation distribution in an exploited salmonid

Abstract : Deleterious mutations have important implications for the evolutionary trajectories of populations. While several studies recently investigated the dynamics of deleterious mutations in wild populations, no study has yet explored the fate of deleterious mutations in a context of populations managed by supplementation. Here, based on a dataset of nine wild and 15 supplemented Lake Trout populations genotyped at 4,982 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)s by means of genotype by sequencing (GBS), we explored the effect of supplementation on the frequency of putatively deleterious variants. Three main findings are consequential for the management of fish populations. First, an increase in neutral genetic diversity in stocked populations compared with unstocked ones was observed. Second, putatively deleterious mutations were more likely to be found in unstocked than in stocked populations, suggesting a lower efficiency to purge deleterious mutations in unstocked lakes. Third, a population currently used as a major source for supplementation is characterized by several fixed putatively deleterious alleles. Therefore, other source populations with lower abundance of putatively deleterious mutations should be favored as sources of supplementation. We discuss management implications of our results, especially pertaining to the joint identification of neutral and deleterious mutations that could help refining the choice of source and sink populations for supplementation in order to maximize their evolutionary potential and to limit their mutation load.
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Anne-Laure Ferchaud, Martin Laporte, Charles Perrier, Louis Bernatchez. Impact of supplementation on deleterious mutation distribution in an exploited salmonid. Evolutionary Applications, Blackwell, 2018, 11 (7), pp.1053-1065. ⟨10.1111/eva.12660⟩. ⟨hal-02921353⟩

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