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Ecotoxicity of trace elements to chicken GALLUS gallus domesticus exposed to a gradient of polymetallic-polluted sites.

Abstract : Mining activity may cause heavy metal accumulation, which threatens human and animal health by their long-term persistence in the environment. This study aims to assess the impact of polymetallic pollution on chicken (Gallus domesticus) from old lead mining sites in northeast of Tunisia: Jebel Ressas (JR). Samples of soil and chickens were collected from five sites being ranked along a gradient of heavy metal contamination. Heavy metal loads were evaluated in soil samples and in chicken liver and kidney. Biochemical evaluation of oxidative stress parameters termed as Catalase (CAT), Glutathione-S-Transferase (GST), and Malondialdehydes (MDA) accumulation was monitored. Metallothionein protein level was assessed as a specific response to heavy metals. DNA alteration was achieved using MNi frequency in the investigated tissues. Finally, the evaluation of gene expression levels of CAT, GST, mt1, mt4, P53, bcl2, caspase3 and DNA-ligase was performed. Our data showed the highest loads of Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb in tissues of animals from site 3, being more pronounced in kidney. Biochemical data suggested a significant increase in antioxidant enzymes activities in all sites respect to control except in site 3 were CAT and GST were inhibited. DNA alteration was observed in all tissues being very pronounced in animals from site 3. Overall, transcriptomic data showed that genes involved in apoptosis were up-regulated in animals exposed to the most contaminated soils. Our data suggest that chicken and selected biomarkers offer a suitable model for biomonitoring assessment of heavy metals transfer through the food web in mining sites. Finally, the obtained results of heavy metals accumulation and related alterations should be carefully considered in view of the controversial relationship between distribution and toxicology of contaminants in exposed organisms.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02925885
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Submitted on : Monday, August 31, 2020 - 9:48:42 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 3:36:00 AM

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Sameh El. Kribi-Boukhris, Iteb Boughattas, Nesrine Zitouni, Sondes Helaoui, Valerie Sappin-Didier, et al.. Ecotoxicity of trace elements to chicken GALLUS gallus domesticus exposed to a gradient of polymetallic-polluted sites.. Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2020, 265, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114831⟩. ⟨hal-02925885⟩

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