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Interaction between Miltefosine and Amphotericin B: Consequences for Their Activities towards Intestinal Epithelial Cells and Leishmania donovani Promastigotes In Vitro ᰔ

Abstract : The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of a combination of two antileishmanial drugs, miltefosine (HePC) and amphotericin B (AMB), when administered by the oral route. Caco-2 cell monolayers were used as a validated in vitro model of the intestinal barrier and Leishmania donovani promastigotes as a model for evaluating the effect of the drug combination. Spectroscopic measurements demonstrated that HePC and AMB associate, leading to the formation of mixed aggregates in which AMB is solubilized as monomers. The incubation of the association of HePC and AMB with Caco-2 cell monolayers, at a concentration higher than 5 M, led to (i) a reduction of the HePC-induced paracellular permeability enhancement in Caco-2 cell monolayers, (ii) an inhibition of the uptake of both drugs, and (iii) a decrease in the transepithelial transport of both drugs, suggesting that a pharmacokinetic antagonism between HePC and AMB could occur after their oral administration. However, the combination did not exhibit any antagonism or synergy in its antileish-manial activity. These results demonstrated a strong physicochemical interaction between HePC and AMB, depending on the concentration of each, which could have important consequences for their biological activities , if they are administered together.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02929432
Contributor : Cecile Menez <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 2:22:23 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, March 7, 2021 - 12:18:02 AM

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Cécile Menez, Marion Buyse, Madeleine Besnard, Robert Farinotti, Philippe Loiseau, et al.. Interaction between Miltefosine and Amphotericin B: Consequences for Their Activities towards Intestinal Epithelial Cells and Leishmania donovani Promastigotes In Vitro ᰔ. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, American Society for Microbiology, 2006, 50, pp.3793 - 3800. ⟨10.1128/AAC.00837-06⟩. ⟨hal-02929432⟩

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