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Variation in recombination rate and its genetic determinism in sheep ( Ovis Aries ) populations from combining multiple genome-wide datasets

Résumé : Recombination is a complex biological process that results from a cascade of multiple events during meiosis. Understanding the genetic determinism of recombination can help to understand if and how these events are interacting. To tackle this question, we studied the patterns of recombination in sheep, using multiple approaches and datasets. We constructed male recombination maps in a dairy breed from the south of France (the Lacaune breed) at a fine scale by combining meiotic recombination rates from a large pedigree genotyped with a 50K SNP array and historical recombination rates from a sample of unrelated individuals genotyped with a 600K SNP array. This analysis revealed recombination patterns in sheep similar to other mammals but also genome regions that have likely been affected by directional and diversifying selection. We estimated the average recombination rate of Lacaune sheep at 1.5 cM/Mb, identified about 50,000 crossover hotspots on the genome and found a high correlation between historical and meiotic recombination rate estimates. A genome-wide association study revealed two major loci affecting inter-individual variation in recombination rate in Lacaune, including the RNF212 and HEI10 genes and possibly 2 other loci of smaller effects including the KCNJ15 and FSHR genes. Finally, we compared our results to those obtained previously in a distantly related population of domestic sheep, the Soay. This comparison revealed that Soay and Lacaune males have a very similar distribution of recombination along the genome and that the two datasets can be combined to create more precise male meiotic recombination maps in sheep. Despite their similar recombination maps, we show that Soay and Lacaune males exhibit different heritabilities and QTL effects for inter-individual variation in genome-wide recombination rates.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02936802
Contributor : Stéphane Fabre <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 11, 2020 - 5:13:43 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 2:40:17 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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Morgane Petit, Jean-Michel Astruc, Julien Sarry, Laurence Drouilhet, Stéphane Fabre, et al.. Variation in recombination rate and its genetic determinism in sheep ( Ovis Aries ) populations from combining multiple genome-wide datasets. 2017. ⟨hal-02936802⟩

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