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Emotionality modulates the impact of chronic stress on memory and neurogenesis in birds

Abstract : Chronic stress is a strong modulator of cognitive processes, such as learning and memory. There is, however, great within-individual variation in how an animal perceives and reacts to stressors. These differences in coping with stress modulate the development of stress-induced memory alterations. The present study investigated whether and how chronic stress and individual emotionality interrelate and influence memory performances and brain neurogenesis in birds. For that, we used two lines of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) with divergent emotionality levels. Highly (E+) and less (E−) emotional quail were submitted to chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) for 3 weeks and trained in a spatial task and a discrimination task, a form of cue-based memory. E + and E− birds were also used to assess the impact of CUS and emotionality on neurogenesis within the hippocampus and the striatum. CUS negatively impacted spatial memory, and cell proliferation, and survival in the hippocampus. High emotionality was associated with a decreased hippocampal neurogenesis. CUS improved discrimination performances and favored the differentiation of newborn cells into mature neurons in the striatum, specifically in E+ birds. Our results provide evidence that CUS consequences on memory and neural plasticity depends both on the memory system and individual differences in behavior.
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Contributor : Elodie Chaillou Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, September 14, 2020 - 9:37:57 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 2:40:13 PM


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Flore Lormant, Vitor Hugo Bessa Ferreira, Maryse Meurisse, Julie Lemarchand, Paul Constantin, et al.. Emotionality modulates the impact of chronic stress on memory and neurogenesis in birds. Scientific Reports, 2020, 10 (1), pp.1-13. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-71680-w⟩. ⟨hal-02937496⟩



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