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Sensitivity of gross primary productivity to climatic drivers during the summer drought of 2018 in Europe

Abstract : In summer 2018, Europe experienced a record drought, but it remains unknown how the drought affected ecosystem carbon dynamics. Using observations from 34 eddy covariance sites in different biomes across Europe, we studied the sensitivity of gross primary productivity (GPP) to environmental drivers during the summer drought of 2018 versus the reference summer of 2016. We found a greater drought-induced decline of summer GPP in grass- lands (−38%) than in forests (−10%), which coincided with reduced evapotranspiration and soil water content (SWC). As com- pared to the ‘normal year’ of 2016, GPP in different ecosystems exhibited more negative sensitivity to summer air temperature (Ta) but stronger positive sensitivity to SWC during summer drought in 2018, that is, a stronger reduction of GPP with soil moisture deficit. We found larger negative effects of Ta and vapour pressure deficit (VPD) but a lower positive effect of photosynthetic photon flux density on GPP in 2018 compared to 2016, which contributed to reduced summer GPP in 2018. Our results demonstrate that high temperature-induced increases in VPD and decreases in SWC aggravated drought impacts on GPP.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 10:07:13 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 3:10:44 AM

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Zheng Fu, Philippe Ciais, Ana Bastos, Paul Stoy, Hui Yang, et al.. Sensitivity of gross primary productivity to climatic drivers during the summer drought of 2018 in Europe. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Royal Society, The, 2020, 375 (1810), pp.20190747. ⟨10.1098/rstb.2019.0747⟩. ⟨hal-02942642⟩

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