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Effect of the nutritional status of Creole goats on the density-dependent prolificacy of Haemonchus contortus

Abstract : The objective of this study was to measure the effect of the nutritional status of Creole goat kids on the host responses and the nematode population established after an experimental H. contortus infection. Fifty six kids were fed with 4 diets corresponding to 2 nutritional statuses: the low nutritional status (HAY, hay ad libitum and HB, Hay ad libitum + banana) and the high nutritional status (HS, hay ad libitum + soya meal and HSB, hay ad libitum + banana + soya meal). For each diet, 8 kids were experimentally infected with 10,000 H. contortus infective larvae (L3) and 6 kids were kept as non-infected controls. From the day of infection until 6 weeks post-infection, samples were collected to measure individual intake, total tract digestibility, parasitological and he-matological parameters. The dry matter intake (DMI), the average daily gain (ADG), the crude protein (CP) and the digestible CP intake were higher in goats fed the HS and HSB diets, but no statistically significant interaction between the nutritional status and the infection was observed. The packed cell volume (PCV), the red blood cell counts (RBC) and the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were higher with the HS and the HSB diets. In kids with the high nutritional status the nematode burden and pathophysiological impact of the infection were significantly lower but not the FEC. In conclusion, this reduced establishment rate was associated with an increased production of eggs by the female parasites and suggested a phenomenon of density-dependent prolificacy of H. contortus probably inherent to the fitness of the parasite population.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 29, 2020 - 4:53:49 PM
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Steve Cériac, Priscilla Durbant, Xavier Godard, Claude Barbier, Dalila Feuillet, et al.. Effect of the nutritional status of Creole goats on the density-dependent prolificacy of Haemonchus contortus. Veterinary Parasitology, Elsevier, 2019, 276, pp.108973. ⟨10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.108973⟩. ⟨hal-02952936⟩

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