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Evaluating the potential of different carbon sources to promote denitrification

Abstract : Organic carbon (C) plays an essential role in the denitrification process as it supplies energy for N2O, N2 and CO2 producing reactions. The objectives of this study were to: (i) rank the reactivity of different C compounds found in manures based on their availability for denitrification and (ii) explore C-quality in different C sources based on their capacity to promote denitrification. Evaluation of different C-sources in promoting denitrification was conducted based on the molar ratio of CO2 production to NO3 − reduction after incubation. Results of the first experiment (a 12-day investigation) showed that glucose and glucosamine were highly reactive C compounds with all applied NO3 − being exhausted by day 3, and glucosamine had significantly high amount of NH4 + -N present at end of the experiment. The glucose and glucosamine treatments resulted in significantly greater cumulative CO2 production, compared to the other treatments. In the second experiment (a 9-day investigation), all NO3 − had been depleted by day 6 and 9 from acetic acid and glucose, respectively, and the greatest cumulative CO2 production was from acetic acid. The CO2 appearance to NO3 − molar ratios revealed that glucose and glucosamine were compounds with highly available C in the first experiment. In the second experiment, the pig slurry and acetic acid were found to be C-sources that promoted potential denitrification. The application of slurry to soil results in the promotion of denitrification and this depends on the availability of the C compounds it contains. Understanding the relationship between C availability and denitrification potential is useful for developing denitrification mitigation strategies for organic soil amendments.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02953623
Contributor : Vincent Rappeneau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 30, 2020 - 12:10:38 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 22, 2020 - 12:52:02 PM

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J. Dlamini, D. Chadwick, J. Hawkins, José Martinez, D. Scholefield, et al.. Evaluating the potential of different carbon sources to promote denitrification. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2020, 158 (3), pp.194-205. ⟨10.1017/S0021859620000520⟩. ⟨hal-02953623⟩

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