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A model of the Earth's Dole effect

Georg Hoffmann 1 Matthias Cuntz 1 Christine Weber Philippe Ciais 1, 2 Pierre Friedlingstein 1 Martin Heimann Jean Jouzel 1, 3 Jörg Kaduk Ernst Maier-Reimer Ulrike Seibt Katharina Six
2 ICOS-ATC - ICOS-ATC
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
3 GLACCIOS - Glaces et Continents, Climats et Isotopes Stables
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
Abstract : [1] The Earth's Dole effect describes the isotopic 18 O/ 16 O-enrichment of atmospheric oxygen with respect to ocean water, amounting under today's conditions to 23.5%. We have developed a model of the Earth's Dole effect by combining the results of three-dimensional models of the oceanic and terrestrial carbon and oxygen cycles with results of atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs) with built-in water isotope diagnostics. We obtain a range from 22.4% to 23.3% for the isotopic enrichment of atmospheric oxygen. We estimate a stronger contribution to the global Dole effect by the terrestrial relative to the marine biosphere in contrast to previous studies. This is primarily caused by a modeled high leaf water enrichment of 5-6%. Leaf water enrichment rises by $1% to 6-7% when we use it to fit the observed 23.5% of the global Dole effect. The present model is designed to be utilized in forthcoming paleo studies allowing a quantitative analysis of long-term observations from polar ice cores.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02985171
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Georg Hoffmann, Matthias Cuntz, Christine Weber, Philippe Ciais, Pierre Friedlingstein, et al.. A model of the Earth's Dole effect. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, American Geophysical Union, 2004, 18 (1), pp.GB1008. ⟨10.1029/2003GB002059⟩. ⟨hal-02985171⟩

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