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Tolerance of young allis shad Alosa alosa (Clupeidae) to oxy‐thermic stress

Abstract : The ecology of the young stages of allis shad Alosa alosa is poorly documented, although they can be exposed to many pressures during their freshwater phase and their downstream migration. When passing through systems such as the Gironde- Garonne-Dordogne watershed (GGD, SW France), they can be subjected to high temperatures and low levels of oxygen (hypoxia). The aim of this work is to assess the tolerance of young Alosa alosa at four ages (c. 10, 30, 60 and 85 days old) by challenging them to different temperatures (18, 22, 26 and 28C) together with decreasing oxygen saturation levels (from 100% to 30%). Survival of the 10-day-old individuals was not influenced by oxy-thermic conditions, but high stress levels were detected and perhaps this age class was too fragile regarding the constraint of the experimental design. Survival at 30 and at 60 days old was negatively influenced by the highest temperatures tested alone (from 26C and from 28C, respectively) but no effect was detected at 85 days old up to 28C. A combined effect of temperature and oxygen level was highlighted, with heat accelerating survival decrease when associated with oxygen level depletion: essentially, survival was critical (<50%) at 30 days old at temperature ≥22C together with 30% O2; at 60 days old, at temperature = 28C with 30% O2; at 85 days old, at temperature ≥26C with ≤40% O2. Tolerance to oxy-thermic pressures appeared to be greater among the migratory ages (60 and 85 days old) than among the 30-day-old group. Based on environmental data recorded in the GGD system and on our experimental results, an exploratory analysis allowed a discussion of the possible impact of past oxy-thermic conditions on the local population dynamics between 2005 and 2018. The oxy-thermic conditions that may affect Alosa alosa at ages when they migrate downstream (60 and 85 days old) were not frequently recorded in this period, except in cases of extreme episodes of heat together with hypoxia that occurred in some years, in summertime in the turbidity maximum zone of the Gironde estuary (particularly in the year 2006). Interestingly, oxy-thermic conditions that are likely to threaten the 30-day-old individuals occurred more frequently in the lower freshwater parts of the GGD system between the years 2005 and 2018. In the context of climate change, a general increase in temperature is predicted, as well as more frequent and severe hypoxic events, therefore we suggest that local Alosa alosa population recruitment could encounter critical oxy-thermic conditions more frequently in the future if no adaptive management of water resources occurs
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02986045
Déposant : Pascale Avril <>
Soumis le : lundi 2 novembre 2020 - 16:17:55
Dernière modification le : jeudi 5 novembre 2020 - 12:11:33

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Loic Baumann, Joanna Vega, Joris Philip, Fabien Polese, Fabrice Vétillard, et al.. Tolerance of young allis shad Alosa alosa (Clupeidae) to oxy‐thermic stress. Journal of Fish Biology, Wiley, 2020, ⟨10.1111/jfb.14562⟩. ⟨hal-02986045⟩

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