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Lipid membranes from naked mole-rat brain lipids are cholesterol-rich, highly phase-separated, and sensitive to amyloid-induced damage

Abstract : Naked mole-rats are extraordinarily long-lived rodents that do not develop age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Remarkably, they do not accumulate amyloid plaques, even though their brains contain high concentrations of amyloid beta peptide, even from a young age Therefore, these animals offer an opportunity to investigate mechanisms of resistance against the neurotoxicity of amyloid beta aggregation. Working in this direction, here we examine the composition, phase behaviour, and amyloid beta interactions of naked mole-rat brain lipids. Relative to mouse, naked mole-rat brain lipids are rich in cholesterol and contain sphingomyelin in lower amounts and of shorter chain lengths. Proteins associated with metabolism of ceramides, sphingomyelin and ceramide receptor activity were also found to be decreased in naked mole-rat brain lysates. Correspondingly, we find that naked mole-rat brain lipid membranes exhibit a high degree of phase separation, with the liquid ordered phase occupying up to 80% of the supported lipid bilayer. These observations are consistent with the ‘membrane pacemaker’ hypothesis of ageing, according to which long-living species have lipid membranes particularly resistant to oxidative damage. However, we found that exposure to amyloid beta disrupts the naked mole-rat brain lipid membranes while those formed from mouse brain lipids exhibit small, well-defined footprints, whereby the amyloid beta penetrates deeply into the lipid membranes. These results suggest that in naked mole-rats the lipid composition of cell membranes may offer neuroprotection through resistance to oxidative processes rather than through mechanical effects.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03019364
Contributor : Nathalie Seguin <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 12:36:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 2:40:20 PM

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Daniel Frankel, Matthew Davies, Bharat Bhushan, Yavuz Kulaberoglu, Paulina Urriola-Munoz, et al.. Lipid membranes from naked mole-rat brain lipids are cholesterol-rich, highly phase-separated, and sensitive to amyloid-induced damage. 2020. ⟨hal-03019364⟩

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