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Yeast facilitates the multiplication of Drosophila bacterial symbionts but has no effect on the form or parameters of Taylor’s law

Abstract : Interactions between microbial symbionts influence their demography and that of their hosts. Taylor's power law (TL)-a well-established relationship between population size mean and variance across space and time-may help to unveil the factors and processes that determine symbiont multiplications. Recent studies suggest pervasive interactions between symbionts in Drosophila melanogaster. We used this system to investigate theoretical predictions regarding the effects of interspecific interactions on TL parameters. We assayed twenty natural strains of bacteria in the presence and absence of a strain of yeast using an ecologically realistic set-up with D. melanogaster larvae reared in natural fruit. Yeast presence led to a small increase in bacterial cell numbers; bacterial strain identity largely affected yeast multiplication. The spatial version of TL held among bacterial and yeast populations with slopes of 2. However, contrary to theoretical prediction, the facilitation of bacterial symbionts by yeast had no detectable effect on TL's parameters. These results shed new light on the nature of D. melanogaster's symbiosis with yeast and bacteria. They further reveal the complexity of investigating TL with microorganisms.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 7:01:05 PM
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Robin Guilhot, Simon Fellous, Joel Cohen. Yeast facilitates the multiplication of Drosophila bacterial symbionts but has no effect on the form or parameters of Taylor’s law. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2020, 15 (11), pp.e0242692. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0242692⟩. ⟨hal-03106430⟩

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