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Head-to-Head Comparison of 18F-DOPA PET/CT and 68Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT in Patients With Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors

Abstract : Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare retrospectively F-DOPA PET/CT versus Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT in a group of patients affected by midgut NET. Patients and methods: Patients with histologically proven grade 1 or grade 2 midgut NET were explored after injection of 150 MBq of Ga-DOTANOC and 210 MBq of F-DOPA. The PET/CTs were analyzed visually and semiquantitatively at the patient level, regional level (7 defined regions), and lesion level (maximum of 5 lesions/organ). The criterion standard was determined on the basis of histology and imaging follow-up. Results: Thirty patients (17 males and 13 females; median age, 63.5 years [37-82 years]) were included. Both PET/CTs were negative in 3 patients and positive in 25 patients. PET/CTs were discordant in 2 patients, with F-DOPA positive and Ga-DOTANOC negative. F-DOPA PET/CT detected more involved regions and more metastatic lesions than Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT in 6 (20%) and 10 (33.3%) patients, respectively. Of the 81 confirmed affected regions, 77 (95%) were detected by F-DOPA PET/CT and 71 (87.7%) by Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT (P < 0.0001). F-DOPA PET/CT detected significantly more lesions (211/221) than Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT (195/221), corresponding to a sensitivity of 95.5% and 88.2%, respectively (P < 0.0001). Tumor-to-background ratios were more favorable in liver for F-DOPA than for Ga-DOTANOC. Interestingly, a correlation was found between F-DOPA SUVmax and tumor burden and especially with the number of regions involved by the disease (P = 0.019). Conclusions: F-DOPA PET/CT is superior to Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT for the detection of lesions, and when available, this tracer may be recommended as the first-line examination for an accurate staging of midgut NET.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 1:09:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 23, 2022 - 6:10:04 PM



Catherine Ansquer, Yann Touchefeu, Alain Faivre-Chauvet, Christophe Leux, Maëlle Le Bras, et al.. Head-to-Head Comparison of 18F-DOPA PET/CT and 68Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT in Patients With Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors. Clinical Nuclear Medicine, 2021, 46 (3), pp.181-186. ⟨10.1097/RLU.0000000000003450⟩. ⟨hal-03115018⟩



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