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Agriculture increases the bioavailability of silicon, a beneficial element for crop, in temperate soils

Abstract : Crops may take benefits from silicon (Si) uptake in soil. Plant available Si (PAS) can be affected by natural weathering processes or by anthropogenic forces such as agriculture. The soil parameters that control the pool of PAS are still poorly documented, particularly in temperate climates. In this study, we documented PAS in France, based on statistical analysis of Si extracted by CaCl2 (SiCaCl2) and topsoil characteristics from an extensive dataset. We showed that cultivation increased SiCaCl2 for soils developed on sediments, that cover 73% of France. This increase is due to liming for non-carbonated soils on sediments that are slightly acidic to acidic when non-cultivated. The analysis performed on non-cultivated soils confirmed that SiCaCl2 increased with the < 2 µm fraction and pH but only for soils with a < 2 µm fraction ranging from 50 to 325 g kg−1. This increase may be explained by the < 2 µm fraction mineralogy, i.e. nature of the clay minerals and iron oxide content. Finally, we suggest that 4% of French soils used for wheat cultivation could be deficient in SiCaCl2.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 8, 2021 - 3:09:10 PM
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Manon Caubet, Sophie S. Cornu, Nicolas P.A. Saby, J.-D Meunier. Agriculture increases the bioavailability of silicon, a beneficial element for crop, in temperate soils. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-77059-1⟩. ⟨hal-03134689⟩

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