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Le carthame (Carthamus tinctorius L.) : Une oléagineuse qui n’a pas dit son dernier mot en Algérie

Abstract : The importance given to oleaginous crops is mainly due to the oils provided by their seeds. Currently, the oilseed sector is distinguished by cultivation of soybean, rapeseed and sunflower on large-scale compared to other species. Nevertheless, climatic conditions and genetic variability determine greatly the oil content and its physicochemical characterization. Consequently, the climatic change and population explosion will impose the necessity to exploit other species to fill a shortage of oil production. This investigation remains a priority for scientists and producers through the introduction of alternative species that have a tolerance to abiotic stresses in different regions in the world. Among them, safflower, as an Asteraceae, offers appreciable agro-biochemical aptitudes and could be as a strategic oilseed crop for the nature of its produced oil and its adaptation to limiting environmental conditions. Many studies have shown previously the benefits of safflower oil in industry, pharmaceutical and cosmetic uses. Another particularity of safflower is also justified by the use of its by-products (meal, leaves, flowers) in different fields. These characteristics allow to safflower a character to being a primordial link in any biorefinery program of which scientific approach is essentially based on use of the all green entity with zero waste.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 9, 2021 - 10:48:50 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 9, 2021 - 10:48:50 AM

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Kamel Zemour, Ahmed Adda, Bachar Zebib, Othmane Merah. Le carthame (Carthamus tinctorius L.) : Une oléagineuse qui n’a pas dit son dernier mot en Algérie. Revue Agrobiologia, 2021, 10 (2), pp.2211-2219. ⟨hal-03135678⟩

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