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Is the optimal strategy to decide on sampling route always the same from field to field using the same sampling method to estimate yield?

Abstract : This short communication aims at providing insights to verify whether common yield sampling protocols (i.e., one round trip within the fields over two representative rows) are optimal whatever the considered fields. In addition, it aims to show how factors like the spatial organisation of the within-field yield variability, the length of the rows, the erratic variance, etc. may affect the optimal sampling route and the error of the yield estimation. Methods and Material: A new algorithm based on constraint programming and stochastic approaches was used to provide optimal sampling routes for vineyards. This algorithm guarantees the representativeness of the measurement sites and a minimization of the walking distance. Practical constraints (trellised structure, starting point, etc.) are considered by the algorithm to optimise the walking distance and the resulting sampling route. The algorithm has been applied to 60 simulated vineyards with known yield variability. Characteristics like yield spatial structure, row length and proportion of erratic variance were controlled during the simulation process and were used to study how they affect the optimal sampling route derived from the algorithm. Results: The row length as well as the spatial organization of the within-field yield variability are the main factors that determine the optimality of a sampling route. Spatial organisation of the yield happens to have a strong incidence; fields with small yield patterns (Range of the semi-variogram = 25 m) showed a yield estimation error of less than 2 % with an optimal sampling route of three minutes with 7 sampling sites, whereas it takes more than 5 minutes (with 9 sampling sites) to achieve the same estimation error for fields with larger spatial patterns (range > 50 m). Results also highlight the relevance of original sampling routes which intend to sample only the beginnings of rows or mixed approaches based on a round trip in two inter-rows and complementary samples on the beginnings of one or more rows. Conclusions: This study shows that an optimal sampling route strongly depends on the field characteristics. The optimal sampling route should therefore be tailored to each field. This approach is a first step which shows how this methodology could be used to identify other factors of influence. It could also apply to real fields to optimise other logistic operations in viticulture. Significance and Impact of the Study: This short communication demonstrates the necessity to tailor sampling strategy to characteristics of each field to provide both an optimised sampling route (minimum walking distance with minimum samples) and the best possible estimate. It also proposes an original approach based on field simulations and an optimal sampling route generation algorithm. This approach makes it possible to produce new insights (and also to validate empirical practices) that can help the wine industry to better manage the logistics at harvest. This paper also gives considerations when it comes to the choice of a sampling route for a given field.
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Contributor : Isabelle Nault <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2021 - 11:46:21 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 11:58:04 AM

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Baptiste Oger, Cecile Laurent, Philippe Vismara, Bruno Tisseyre. Is the optimal strategy to decide on sampling route always the same from field to field using the same sampling method to estimate yield?. OENO One, Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin (Université de Bordeaux), 2021, 55 (1), pp.133-144. ⟨10.20870/oeno-one.2021.55.1.3334⟩. ⟨hal-03138583⟩



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