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Halotropism requires phospholipase Dζ1‐mediated modulation of cellular polarity of auxin transport carriers

Abstract : Endocytosis and relocalization of auxin carriers represent important mechanisms for adaptive plant growth and developmental responses. Both root gravitropism and halotropism have been shown to be dependent on relocalization of auxin transporters. Following their homology to mammalian phospholipase Ds (PLDs), plant PLD zeta-type enzymes are likely candidates to regulate auxin carrier endocytosis. We investigated root tropic responses for an Arabidopsis pld zeta 1-KO mutant and its effect on the dynamics of two auxin transporters during salt stress, that is, PIN2 and AUX1. We found altered root growth and halotropic and gravitropic responses in the absence of PLD zeta 1 and report a role for PLD zeta 1 in the polar localization of PIN2. Additionally, irrespective of the genetic background, salt stress induced changes in AUX1 polarity. Utilizing our previous computational model, we found that these novel salt-induced AUX1 changes contribute to halotropic auxin asymmetry. We also report the formation of "osmotic stress-induced membrane structures." These large membrane structures are formed at the plasma membrane shortly after NaCl or sorbitol treatment and have a prolonged presence in a pld zeta 1 mutant. Taken together, these results show a crucial role for PLD zeta 1 in both ionic and osmotic stress-induced auxin carrier dynamics during salt stress.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03153080
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Submitted on : Monday, June 7, 2021 - 2:31:42 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 7, 2021 - 2:32:11 PM

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Ruud Korver, Thea Berg, A. Jessica Meyer, Carlos Galvan‐ampudia, Kirsten H.W.J. Tusscher, et al.. Halotropism requires phospholipase Dζ1‐mediated modulation of cellular polarity of auxin transport carriers. Plant, Cell and Environment, Wiley, 2019, 43 (1), pp.143-158. ⟨10.1111/pce.13646⟩. ⟨hal-03153080⟩

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