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Mean spectral reflectance from bare soil pixels along a Landsat-TM time series to increase both the prediction accuracy of soil clay content and mapping coverage

Abstract : Visible, near-infrared and short wave infrared (VNIR/SWIR, 400–2500 nm) remote sensing imagery is a useful tool for topsoil property mapping, but limited to bare soils pixels. With the increasing amount of freely available VNIR/SWIR satellite imagery (e.g. Landsat TM, ETM+, OLI and Sentinel-2A/B), extensive time series data can be exploited to increase the spatial coverage of bare soil derived information. The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefits of using a bare soil image created from the mean spectral reflectance from bare soil pixels along a time series, compared to a single-date image. The benefits were analyzed in term of (i) proportion of soil mapping and (ii) accuracy of clay content prediction. The study was conducted over the Cap-Bon region (Northern Tunisia) which is a pedologically contrasted and cultivated area. To this end, 262 topsoil samples and three Landsat-TM images acquired during the summer season were used. Multiple linear regression (MLR) models based on the multi-date and single-date Landsat-derived spectral dataset were performed to quantify clay soil content. Our results have shown that (1) a bare soil image created from only mean spectral reflectance from common bare soil pixels along a time series provided the best accuracy of clay content prediction (i.e., coefficient of determination of validation of 0.75, a root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of 88 g/kg) with a moderate bare soil coverage (i.e., 23% of the study area); (2) a bare soil image created from a mix of mean spectral reflectance from common bare soil pixels along a time series and of spectral reflectance from bare soil pixels of single-date images provided acceptable accuracy of clay content prediction (i.e., = 0.64, RMSEP = 109 g/kg) with a relatively high bare soil coverage (i.e., 44% of the study area); and (3) all the bare soil images provided similar spatial structures of the clay content predictions. With the actual availability of the VNIR/SWIR satellite imagery for the entire globe, this study offer a simple and accurate method for delivering accurate soil property maps over large areas, to the geoscience community.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03155374
Contributor : Hélène Lesur <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 1, 2021 - 5:45:22 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 31, 2021 - 5:04:19 PM

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Anis Gasmi, Cécile Gomez, Philippe Lagacherie, Hedi Zouari, Ahmed Laamrani, et al.. Mean spectral reflectance from bare soil pixels along a Landsat-TM time series to increase both the prediction accuracy of soil clay content and mapping coverage. Geoderma, Elsevier, 2021, 388, pp.114864. ⟨10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114864⟩. ⟨hal-03155374⟩

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