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The levels of artificial insemination and missing sire information make genomic selection not always beneficial in meat sheep

Abstract : Numerous meat sheep breeding programs in developed and developing countries are characterized by incomplete sire information and a predominant use of natural matings. These two parameters potentially affect the benefit of genomic selection (GS), especially for the selection of a late-in-life trait. Using stochastic simulations, the genetic gains obtained using genomic and conventional strategies for a maternal trait were evaluated in meat sheep population. Natural mating and artificial insemination (AI)-baseddesigns, inspiredby the current diversity of designs used for French meat sheep breeds, were modeled and three genomic strategies were tested and compared with a conventional selection strategy: parentage assignment, GS based on a male or a male and female reference population. Genomic selection based on amale reference population did not always outperform conventional selection. Its benefit depended on the design, the level of missing information on dam sires, and the level of AI. Genomic selection based on a male and female reference population always outperformed the conventional selection strategy, even if only 25 % of the females in the nucleus were genotyped.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03156712
Contributor : Jérôme Raoul <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 4:17:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 22, 2021 - 4:04:05 PM

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J. Raoul, Jean-Michel Elsen. The levels of artificial insemination and missing sire information make genomic selection not always beneficial in meat sheep. animal, Published by Elsevier (since 2021) / Cambridge University Press (until 2020), 2021, 15 (2), pp.100040. ⟨10.1016/j.animal.2020.100040⟩. ⟨hal-03156712⟩

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