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Structural Changes in French VF Treatment Wetland Porous Media during the Rest Period: An Ex Situ Study Using X-ray Tomography

Abstract : Clogging constitutes a major operational issue for treatment wetlands. The rest period is a key feature of French Vertical Flow (VF) treatment wetlands and serves to mitigate clogging. An ex-situ drying experiment was performed to mimic the rest period and record structural changes in the porous media using X-ray Computed Tomography (CT). Samples containing the deposit and gravel layers of a first stage French VF treatment wetland were extracted and left to dry in a control environment. Based on CT scans, three phases were identified (voids, biosolids, and gravels). The impact of the rest period was assessed by means of different pore-scale variables. Ultimately, the volume of biosolids had reduced to 58% of its initial value, the deposit layer thickness dropped to 68% of its initial value, and the void/biosolid specific surface area ratio increased from a minimum value of 1.1 to a maximum of 4.2. Cracks greater than 3 mm developed at the uppermost part of the deposit layer, while, in the gravel layer, the rise in void volume corresponds to pores smaller than 2 mm in diameter. Lastly, the air-filled microporosity is estimated to have increased by 0.11 v/v.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03157091
Contributor : Nicolas Forquet <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 28, 2021 - 9:59:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 3:27:00 AM

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water-13-00389-v2.pdf
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German Dario Martinez-Carvajal, Laurent Oxarango, Jérôme Adrien, Pascal Molle, Nicolas Forquet. Structural Changes in French VF Treatment Wetland Porous Media during the Rest Period: An Ex Situ Study Using X-ray Tomography. Water, MDPI, 2021, 13 (3), pp.389. ⟨10.3390/w13030389⟩. ⟨hal-03157091⟩

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