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Journal Articles Geomorphology Year : 2020

Detection of undercover karst features by geophysics (ERT) Lascaux cave hill

Abstract

The study of karst features under a detrital cover is difficult to obtain using punctual traditional tools. This paper presents a 3D geostatistical modeling of ERT (Electrical Resistivity Tomography) data to describe undercover karst features. A case study was carried out on the karstic site of the prehistoric decorated Lascaux cave (France). Geophysical measurements were used to define the limit between outcropping Coniacian or Santonian limestones (southwest) and clayey sands (northeast), with a main orientation of N140°. A geometrical description of the scarp was also constructed; pinnacles and notches were found under the clayey sand detrital formation. By combining 3D ERT with geomorphological and geological observations, the geometry of the stratigraphic limit between the Coniacian and Santonian limestone could be determined. This stratigraphic limit separates two domains, one is a potential aquifer, and acts as a feeder for the intermittent spring at the cave entrance, while the other is less permeable, resulting in a permeability contrast with the later rock type. All these observations help define the geological cave environment and ensure better protection for the paintings.
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hal-03166947 , version 1 (20-05-2022)

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Cecile Verdet, Colette Sirieix, Antoine Marache, Joëlle Riss, Jean-Christophe Portais. Detection of undercover karst features by geophysics (ERT) Lascaux cave hill. Geomorphology, 2020, 360, pp.1-13. ⟨10.1016/j.geomorph.2020.107177⟩. ⟨hal-03166947⟩
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