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Source and Composition in Amino Acid of Dietary Proteins in the Primary Prevention and Treatment of CKD

Abstract : Nutrition is a cornerstone in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD). To limit urea generation and accumulation, a global reduction in protein intake is routinely proposed. However, recent evidence has accumulated on the benefits of plant-based diets and plant-derived proteins without a clear understanding of underlying mechanisms. Particularly the roles of some amino acids (AAs) appear to be either deleterious or beneficial on the progression of CKD and its complications. This review outlines recent data on the role of a low protein intake, the plant nature of proteins, and some specific AAs actions on kidney function and metabolic disorders. We will focus on renal hemodynamics, intestinal microbiota, and the production of uremic toxins. Overall, these mechanistic effects are still poorly understood but deserve special attention to understand why low-protein diets provide clinical benefits and to find potential new therapeutic targets in CKD.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03169642
Contributor : Nelly Lucas <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 15, 2021 - 2:58:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 19, 2021 - 3:20:57 PM

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Pierre Letourneau, Stanislas Bataille, Philippe Chauveau, Denis Fouque, Laetitia Koppe. Source and Composition in Amino Acid of Dietary Proteins in the Primary Prevention and Treatment of CKD. Nutrients, MDPI, 2020, 12 (12), pp.3892. ⟨10.3390/nu12123892⟩. ⟨hal-03169642⟩

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