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The biocontrol root-oomycete, Pythium Oligandrum, triggers grapevine resistance and shifts in the transcriptome of the trunk pathogenic Fungus, Phaeomoniella Chlamydospora

Abstract : The worldwide increase in grapevine trunk diseases, mainly esca, represents a major threat for vineyard sustainability. Biocontrol of a pioneer fungus of esca, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, was investigated here by deciphering the tripartite interaction between this trunk-esca pathogen, grapevine and the biocontrol-oomycete, Pythium oligandrum. When P. oligandrum colonizes grapevine roots, it was observed that the wood necroses caused by P. chlamydospora were significantly reduced. Transcriptomic analyses of plant and fungus responses were performed to determine the molecular events occurring, with the aim to relate P. chlamydospora degradation of wood to gene expression modulation. Following P. oligandrum-root colonization, major transcriptomic changes occurred both, in the grapevine-defense system and in the P. chlamydospore-virulence factors. Grapevine-defense was enhanced in response to P. chlamydospora attacks, with P. oligandrum acting as a plant-systemic resistance inducer, promoting jasmonic/ethylene signaling pathways and grapevine priming. P. chlamydospora pathogenicity genes, such as those related to secondary metabolite biosynthesis, carbohydrate-active enzymes and transcription regulators, were also affected in their expression. Shifts in grapevine responses and key-fungal functions were associated with the reduction of P. chlamydospora wood necroses. This study provides evidence of wood fungal pathogen transcriptional changes induced by a root biocontrol agent, P. oligandrum, in which there is no contact between the two microorganisms.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03174459
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Submitted on : Friday, March 19, 2021 - 11:12:33 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 20, 2021 - 3:30:43 AM

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Amira Yacoub, Noël Magnin, Jonathan Gerbore, Rana Haidar, Emilie Bruez, et al.. The biocontrol root-oomycete, Pythium Oligandrum, triggers grapevine resistance and shifts in the transcriptome of the trunk pathogenic Fungus, Phaeomoniella Chlamydospora. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (18), pp.1-17. ⟨10.3390/ijms21186876⟩. ⟨hal-03174459⟩

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