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Assessment of pesticide volatilization potential based on their molecular properties using the TyPol tool

Abstract : Following treatment, amounts of pesticides can reach the atmosphere because of spray drift, volatilization from soil or plants, and/or wind erosion. Monitoring and risk assessment of air contamination by pesticides is a recent issue and more insights on pesticide transfer to atmosphere are needed. Thus, the objective of this work was to better understand and assess pesticide emission potentials to air through volatilization. The TyPol tool was used to explore the relationships between the global, soil and plant volatilization potentials of 178 pesticides, and their molecular properties. The outputs of TyPol were then compared to atmospheric pesticide concentrations monitored in various French regions. TyPol was able to discriminate pesticides that were observed in air from those that were not. Clustering considering parameters driving the emission potential from soil (sorption characteristics) or plant (lipophilic properties), in addition to vapor pressure, allowed better discrimination of the pesticides than clustering considering all parameters for the global emission potential. Pesticides with high volatilization potential have high total energy, and low molecular weight, molecular connectivity indices and polarizability. TyPol helped better understand the volatilization potentials of pesticides. It can be used as a first step to assess the risk of air contamination by pesticides.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03201288
Contributor : Frédéric Pierlot <>
Submitted on : Sunday, April 18, 2021 - 12:54:30 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 24, 2021 - 10:12:24 AM

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Laure Mamy, Kevin Bonnot, Pierre Benoit, Christian Bockstaller, Eric Latrille, et al.. Assessment of pesticide volatilization potential based on their molecular properties using the TyPol tool. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, 2021, 415, pp.125613. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.125613⟩. ⟨hal-03201288⟩

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