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Beyond experiments: Embedding outcomes in climate governance

Abstract : Concerted action on climate change will require a continuing stream of social and technical innovations whose development and transmission will be influenced by public policies. New ways of doing things frequently emerge in innovative small-scale initiatives – ‘experiments’ – across sectors of economic and social life. These experiments are actionable expressions of novel governance and socio-technical arrangements. Mobilising and generalising the outputs of these experiments could lead to deep reductions in greenhouse gas emissions over the long-term. It is often assumed that the groundswell of socio-technical and governance experiments will ‘scale-up’ to systemic change. But the mechanisms for these wider, transformative impacts of experiments have not been fully conceptualised and explained. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for the mobilisation, generalisation and embedding of the outputs and outcomes of climate governance experiments. We describe and illustrate four ‘embedding mechanisms’ – (1) replication-proliferation; (2) expansion-consolidation; (3) challenging-reframing; and (4) circulation-anchoring – for entwined governance and socio-technical experiments. Through these mechanisms knowledge, capabilities, norms and networks developed by experiments become mobile and generic, and come to be embedded in reconfigured socio-technical and governance systems.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 11:20:32 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 22, 2021 - 12:44:14 PM

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Frans Sengers, Bruno Turnheim, Frans Berkhout. Beyond experiments: Embedding outcomes in climate governance. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, SAGE Publishing, 2020, pp.1-24. ⟨10.1177/2399654420953861⟩. ⟨hal-03203999⟩

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