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Co-infections of chickens with avian influenza virus H9N2 and Moroccan Italy 02 infectious bronchitis virus: effect on pathogenesis and protection conferred by different vaccination programmes

Abstract : Since the emergence of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2 viruses in Morocco in 2016, severe respiratory problems have been encountered in the field. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is often detected together with H9N2, suggesting disease exacerbation in cases of co-infections. This hypothesis was therefore tested and confirmed in laboratory conditions using specific-pathogen-free chickens. Most common field vaccine programmes were then tested to compare their efficacies against these two co-infecting agents. IBV ?CoV/chicken/Morocco/I38/2014 (Mor-IT02) and LPAI virus A/chicken/Morocco/SF1/2016 (Mor-H9N2) were thus inoculated to commercial chickens. We showed that vaccination with two heterologous IBV vaccines (H120 at day one and 4/91 at day 14 of age) reduced the severity of clinical signs as well as macroscopic lesions after simultaneous experimental challenge. In addition, LPAI H9N2 vaccination was more efficient at day 7 than at day 1 in limiting disease post simultaneous challenge.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03204865
Contributor : Christine Riou <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 8:33:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 2:40:07 PM

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Sakhia Belkasmi, Siham Fellahi, Charifa Drissi Touzani, Fatima Zahra Faraji, Imane Maaroufi, et al.. Co-infections of chickens with avian influenza virus H9N2 and Moroccan Italy 02 infectious bronchitis virus: effect on pathogenesis and protection conferred by different vaccination programmes. Avian Pathology, Taylor & Francis, 2020, 49 (1), pp.21-28. ⟨10.1080/03079457.2019.1656328⟩. ⟨hal-03204865⟩

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