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Gradual polyploid genome evolution revealed by pan-genomic analysis of Brachypodium hybridum and its diploid progenitors

Abstract : Our understanding of polyploid genome evolution is constrained because we cannot know the exact founders of a particular polyploid. To differentiate between founder effects and post polyploidization evolution, we use a pan-genomic approach to study the allotetraploid Brachypodium hybridum and its diploid progenitors. Comparative analysis suggests that most B. hybridum whole gene presence/absence variation is part of the standing variation in its diploid progenitors. Analysis of nuclear single nucleotide variants, plastomes and k-mers associated with retrotransposons reveals two independent origins for B. hybridum, similar to 1.4 and similar to 0.14 million years ago. Examination of gene expression in the younger B. hybridum lineage reveals no bias in overall subgenome expression. Our results are consistent with a gradual accumulation of genomic changes after polyploidization and a lack of subgenome expression dominance. Significantly, if we did not use a pan-genomic approach, we would grossly overestimate the number of genomic changes attributable to post polyploidization evolution.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03207916
Contributor : Christopher Lallemant <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 26, 2021 - 11:10:32 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 8:13:24 AM

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Sean Gordon, Bruno Contreras-Moreira, Joshua Levy, Armin Djamei, Angelika Czedik-Eysenberg, et al.. Gradual polyploid genome evolution revealed by pan-genomic analysis of Brachypodium hybridum and its diploid progenitors. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41467-020-17302-5⟩. ⟨hal-03207916⟩

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