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Impact of protein reinforcement on the deformation of soft cereal foods under chewing conditions studied by X-ray tomography and finite element modelling

Abstract : The mechanical properties of sponge cake (SC) and brioche (B), and their pulse protein fortified version (F SC and FB) have been characterized under compression (>90% in height reduction); during recording the evolution of their cellular structure was recorded using high resolution X-ray tomography. Due to protein reinforcement, FB had smaller gas cells and slightly larger cell walls than B, whereas FSC had only smaller cells than SC. The four products displayed non-linear mechanical behavior, with plastic deformation in the case of brioches. Results showed that sponge cakes, having thinner cell walls, exhibited premature fracture, while brioches, characterized by thicker cell walls, buckled, making the food sample more difficult to form fragments. Three dimensional Finite Element models were implemented based on the X-Ray micro-tomography 3D images. Results have shown that brioches, and particularly FB, displayed less efficient stress transfer, and thus were less prone to fragmentation. By comparison with results previously obtained on real food boluses, these results allowed understanding the mechanisms that govern food fragmentation during chewing and underlined the importance of the cellular structure of these cereal foods.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03210005
Contributor : Olivier Dupre <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 4:09:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 3:36:26 AM

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M. Assad-Bustillos, S. Guessasma, A.L. Réguerre, G. Della Valle. Impact of protein reinforcement on the deformation of soft cereal foods under chewing conditions studied by X-ray tomography and finite element modelling. Journal of Food Engineering, Elsevier, 2020, 286, pp.110108. ⟨10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2020.110108⟩. ⟨hal-03210005⟩

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