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Les Communs. Des jardins partagés à Wikipédia (par Jean-Benoît Zimmerman)

Abstract : In this book, the author, an economist at the CNRS, gives us his analysis of a contemporary debate opened by the Malthusian position of Garett Hardin, who denounced in Science in 1968 the "tragedy of the commons" of which ecological resources can be the victim, a problem already identified by Aristotle and presented by William Forster Lloyd, a proto-Marginalist economist, who supported the possibility of the destruction of the common prairie through overgrazing in an essay on population control published in 1833. These theses were taken up for application to fisheries management by Scott Gordon, a Canadian economist who promoted the system of individual fishing quotas. The book concludes with the necessary evolution of the law so that the commons can become a motor for change in our contemporary societies, undoubtedly through a democratic debate that will make it possible to establish the institutional framework for the deployment of the commons for a more united republic. The author therefore calls for the creation of a genuine political economy of the commons to reweave the social fabric and counterbalance the excesses of a capitalism that is now unbridled on a global scale.
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Contributor : Dominique Desbois <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 29, 2021 - 1:01:02 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:34 PM



Dominique Desbois. Les Communs. Des jardins partagés à Wikipédia (par Jean-Benoît Zimmerman). 2021, ⟨10.4000/terminal.7334⟩. ⟨hal-03212125⟩



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