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How robust are future projections of forest landscape dynamics? Insights from a systematic comparison of four forest landscape models

Abstract : Projections of landscape dynamics are uncertain, partly due to uncertainties in model formulations. However, quantitative comparative analyses of forest landscape models are lacking. We conducted a systematic comparison of all forest landscape models currently applied in temperate European forests (LandClim, TreeMig, LANDIS-II, iLand). We examined the uncertainty of model projections under several future climate, disturbance, and dispersal scenarios, and quantified uncertainties by variance partitioning. While projections under past climate conditions were in good agreement with observations, uncertainty under future climate conditions was high, with between-model biomass differences of up to 200 t ha-1. Disturbances strongly influenced landscape dy-namics and contributed substantially to uncertainty in model projections (similar to 25-40% of observed variance). Overall, model differences were the main source of uncertainty, explaining at least 50% of observed variance. We advocate a more rigorous and systematic model evaluation and calibration, and a broader use of ensemble projections to quantify uncertainties in future landscape dynamics.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03259391
Contributor : Christopher Lallemant <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 10:22:54 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 9:44:02 AM

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Gunnar Petter, Paola Mairota, Katharina Albrich, Peter Bebi, Josef Brůna, et al.. How robust are future projections of forest landscape dynamics? Insights from a systematic comparison of four forest landscape models. Environmental Modelling and Software, Elsevier, 2020, 134, pp.104844. ⟨10.1016/j.envsoft.2020.104844⟩. ⟨hal-03259391⟩

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