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The role of interference between vectors in control of plant diseases

Marta Zaffaroni 1, * Loup Rimbaud 2 Ludovic Mailleret 3, 4 Nik Cunniffe 5 Daniele Bevacqua 1
* Corresponding author
4 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement
Abstract : Aphids are the primary vector of plant viruses. Transient aphids, which probe several plants per day, are considered to be the principal vectors of non-persistently transmitted (NPT) viruses. However, resident aphids, which can complete their life cycle on a single host and are affected by agronomic practices, can transmit NPT viruses as well. Moreover, they can interfere both directly and indirectly with transient aphids, eventually shaping plant disease dynamics. By mean of an epidemiological model, originally accounting for ecological principles and agronomic practices, we explore the consequences of fertilization and irrigation, pesticide deployment and roguing of infected plants on the spread of viral disease in crops. Our results indicate that the spread of NPT viruses can be i ) both reduced or increased by fertilization and irrigation, depending on whether the interference is direct or indirect; ii ) counter-intuitively increased by pesticide application and iii ) reduced by roguing infected plants. We show that a better understanding of vectors’ interactions would enhance our understanding of disease transmission, supporting the development of disease management strategies.
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Contributor : Veronique Decognet <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 21, 2021 - 8:29:14 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 3:28:03 AM


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Marta Zaffaroni, Loup Rimbaud, Ludovic Mailleret, Nik Cunniffe, Daniele Bevacqua. The role of interference between vectors in control of plant diseases. 2021. ⟨hal-03265550⟩



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