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Flood simulation errors show an unexpected seasonal trend: results obtained on a set of 229 catchments and 11,054 flood events

Abstract : To improve the predictive capability of a model, one must identify situations where it fails to provide satisfactory results. We tried to identify the deficiencies of a lumped rainfall-runoff model used for flood simulation (the hourly GR5H-I model) by evaluating it over a large set of 229 French catchments and 11,054 flood events. Evaluating model simulations separately for individual flood events allowed us identifying a seasonal trend: while the model yielded good performance in terms of aggregated statistics, grouping results by season showed clear underestimations of most of the floods occurring in summer. The largest underestimations of flood volumes were identified when high-intensity precipitation events occurred and when the precipitation field was highly spatially variable. Low antecedent soil moisture conditions were also found to be strongly correlated with model bias. Overall, this study pinpoints the need to better account for shortduration processes to improve the GR5H-I model for flood simulation.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03265998
Contributor : Paul Astagneau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 21, 2021 - 1:35:10 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 3:33:11 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 22, 2021 - 6:37:02 PM

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Paul Astagneau, François Bourgin, Vazken Andréassian, Charles Perrin. Flood simulation errors show an unexpected seasonal trend: results obtained on a set of 229 catchments and 11,054 flood events. EGU General Assembly 2021, Apr 2021, Vienne, Austria. ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu21-1045⟩. ⟨hal-03265998⟩

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