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Aggressiveness of Diverse French Aphanomyces euteiches Isolates on Pea Near Isogenic Lines Differing in Resistance Quantitative Trait Loci

Abstract : Aphanomyces root rot is a major disease in many pea growing regions worldwide. Development of resistant varieties is necessary to manage the disease. Near isogenic lines (NILs) carrying resistance alleles at main quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were developed by marker-assisted backcrossing. This study aimed to evaluate the aggressiveness of diverse French isolates of Aphanomyces euteiches on NILs carrying different resistance QTLs. Forty-three A. euteiches isolates from different French pea growing regions were tested for aggressiveness on eight NILs carrying single or combinations of resistance QTLs and two susceptible or resistant control lines, in controlled conditions. Three clusters of isolates, unrelated to geographical origin, were identified, including 37, 56, and 7% of isolates with high, moderate, and low average levels of aggressiveness, respectively. Three groups of pea lines were also identified. The first group consisted of a pea resistant control line, moderately to highly resistant to all of the isolates. The second group included five NILs carrying a major-effect resistance allele at QTL Ae-Ps7.6, with a medium to broad range of effects on the isolates. The third group consisted of three NILs carrying minor-effect resistance alleles, with a narrow range of effects on the isolates. The results suggest that highly aggressive isolates occur naturally, which may be selected by future partially resistant pea varieties carrying QTLs and increase the risk of erosion of QTL effect. QTL pyramiding strategies for a higher level and a broader range of effect of quantitative resistance on A. euteiches populations will be required for breeding for durable pea resistant varieties.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03280032
Contributor : Marie-Laure Pilet-Nayel <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 7, 2021 - 7:26:12 AM
Last modification on : Monday, August 9, 2021 - 2:36:02 PM

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Anne Quillévéré-Hamard, Gwenola Le Roy, Angélique Lesné, Christophe Le May, Marie-Laure Pilet-Nayel. Aggressiveness of Diverse French Aphanomyces euteiches Isolates on Pea Near Isogenic Lines Differing in Resistance Quantitative Trait Loci. Phytopathology, American Phytopathological Society, 2021, 111 (4), pp.695-702. ⟨10.1094/PHYTO-04-20-0147-R⟩. ⟨hal-03280032⟩

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