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Inhibition of caspase-1-like activity by Ac-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-chloromethyl ketone induces long-lasting neuroprotection in cerebral ischemia through apoptosis reduction and decrease of proinflammatory cytokines.

Abstract : Broad spectrum caspase inhibitors have been found to reduce neurodegeneration caused by cerebral ischemia. We studied whether blockade of group I caspases, mainly caspase-1, using the inhibitor Ac-YVAD.cmk reduced infarct volume and produced prolonged neuroprotection. Ac-YVAD.cmk (300 ng/rat) was injected intracerebroventricularly 10 min after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. Drug treatment induced a significant reduction of infarct volume not only 24 hr after ischemia (total damage, percentage of hemisphere volume: control, 41.1 +/- 2.3%; treated, 26.5 +/- 2.1%; p < 0.05) but also 6 d later (total damage: control, 30.6 +/- 2.2%; treated, 23.0 +/- 2.2%; p < 0.05). Ac-YVAD. cmk treatment resulted in a reduction not only of caspase-1 (control, 100 +/- 20.3%; treated, 3.4 +/- 10.4%; p < 0.01) but also of caspase-3 (control, 100 +/- 30.3%; treated, 13.2 +/- 9.5%; p < 0.05) activity at 24 hr and led to a parallel decrease of apoptosis as measured by nucleosome quantitation (control, 100 +/- 11.8%; treated, 47 +/- 5.9%; p < 0.05). Six days after treatment no differences in these parameters could be detected between control and treated animals. Likewise, brain levels of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and TNF-alpha were reduced at 24 hr (39.5 +/- 23.7 and 51.9 +/- 10.3% of control, respectively) but not at 6 d. Other cytokines, IL-10, MCP-1, MIP-2, and the gaseous mediator nitric oxide, were not modified by the treatment. These findings indicate that blockade of caspase-1-like activity induces a long-lasting neuroprotective effect that, in our experimental conditions, takes place in the early stages of damage progression. Finally, this effect is achieved by interfering with both apoptotic and inflammatory mechanisms.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03285471
Contributor : Massimiliano Beltramo <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 12:57:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 12:57:39 PM

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M Rabuffetti, C Sciorati, G Tarozzo, E Clementi, A Manfredi, et al.. Inhibition of caspase-1-like activity by Ac-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-chloromethyl ketone induces long-lasting neuroprotection in cerebral ischemia through apoptosis reduction and decrease of proinflammatory cytokines.. Journal of Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 2000, 20 (12), pp.4398-404. ⟨hal-03285471⟩

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