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Confrontation of the “Dual Tracer” Indirect Method With Direct Ileal Sampling for Indispensable Amino Acid Digestibility of Sunflower Isolate in Humans

Abstract : Objectives The direct assessment of ileal samples of amino acid (AA) digestibility is invasive in humans. A less invasive but indirect method, namely « dual tracer » was recently developed. It relies on the plasma isotopic enrichment ratio of two labeled protein, a reference protein or alternately AAs labeled with 13C and the test protein labeled with 15N. This recent method has not yet been challenged against direct measurement of ileal digestibility. Methods Seven healthy volunteers were intubated with naso-ileal tube. Every 30min for 4h, they ingested sunflower biscuits containing a total of 25g of 15N intrinsically labeled sunflower protein isolate. They also ingested 60g chocolate containing a total of 400mg of a mix of 13C algal individual AAs. Ileal contents were collected continuously for 8h following the first meal and plasma was sampled every 30min for 4h and hourly between 4 and 8h. 15N and 13C indispensable amino acid (IAA) ileal digestibility were determined by measuring 15N and 13C enrichment in AAs by GC-C-IRMS and AA content by UHPLC in ileal effluent. Plasma and meal 15N and 13C IAA enrichment were measured by GC-C-IRMS. Isotopic 15N/13C ratio were determined using area under the curve value for each isotope. Results Using direct ileal sampling, average IAA ileal digestibility was: (i) 88.5 ± 5.0% for sunflower isolate (15N) with values ranged from 85.8 ± 5.1% for threonine to 91.1 ± 5.8% for methionine, and (ii) 97.6 ± 1.7% for free AAs (13C) with values ranged from 95.9 ± 2.3% for lysine to 98.8 ± 0.8% for phenylalanine. With the “dual tracer” method, digestibility of isoleucine, leucine, threonine and valine was significantly lower than with ileal determination (from 7.9% for threonine to 24.3% for leucine), Methionine and phenylalanine values were aberrant (over 100%) For lysine, the difference between the two methods was not statistically different (4.7%, p = 0.49). Conclusions With our methodological conditions, the “dual tracer” method provides physiological values for most IAA except methionine and phenylalanine. However, values were low compared to ileal digestibility (about 10%) and interindividual variability was high. This less invasive method is promising but requires methodological improvements. Funding Sources French Research National Agency (ANR), financial support of SOFIPROTEOL under the FASO Project PRODIAL.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03296232
Contributor : Juliane Calvez <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 2:49:11 PM
Last modification on : Monday, September 6, 2021 - 2:31:44 PM

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Romain Tessier, Juliane Calvez, Nadezda Khodorova, Alain Quinsac, Romain Kapel, et al.. Confrontation of the “Dual Tracer” Indirect Method With Direct Ileal Sampling for Indispensable Amino Acid Digestibility of Sunflower Isolate in Humans. Nutrition 2021, Jun 2021, online, United States. ⟨10.1093/cdn/nzab048_019⟩. ⟨hal-03296232⟩

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