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Understanding sweetness of dry wines: First evidence of astilbin isomers in red wines and quantitation in a one-century range of vintages

Abstract : Astilbin (2R, 3R) was recently reported to contribute to wine sweetness. As its aglycon contains two stereogenic centers, three other stereoisomers may be present: neoisoastilbin (2S, 3R), isoastilbin (2R, 3S), and neoastilbin (2S, 3S). This work aimed at assaying their presence for the first time in wines as well as their taste properties. The isomers were synthesized from astilbin and purified by semi-preparative HPLC. With the four stereoisomers, a sweet taste was perceived whose intensity varied with the configuration. Their content was assayed by developing a UHPLC-Q-Exactive method. The method was applied to screen astilbin and isomers in various wines, especially in different vintages from the same estate. While young wines contained higher concentrations of astilbin than the old ones, the concentrations of the other isomers, mainly neoastilbin, were higher in the old wines, suggesting their formation over time.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03297159
Contributor : Marion Desailly <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 11:14:29 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 24, 2021 - 3:12:26 AM

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Syntia Fayad, Marie Le Scanff, Pierre Waffo-Teguo, Axel Marchal. Understanding sweetness of dry wines: First evidence of astilbin isomers in red wines and quantitation in a one-century range of vintages. Food Chemistry, Elsevier, 2021, 352, ⟨10.1016/j.foodchem.2021.129293⟩. ⟨hal-03297159⟩

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