Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Evaluating the congruence between DNA ‐based and morphological taxonomic approaches in water and sediment trap samples: Analyses of a 36‐month time series from a temperate monomictic lake

Abstract : Paleolimnological studies are central for identifying long-term changes, yet many studies rely on bioindicators that deposit detectable subfossils in sediments, such as diatoms and cladocerans. Emerging DNA-based approaches are expanding the taxonomic diversity that can be investigated. However, as sedimentary DNA-based approaches are expanding rapidly, calibration work is required to determine the advantages and limitations of these techniques. In this study, we assessed the congruence between morphological and DNA-based approaches applied to sediment trap samples for diatoms and crustaceans using both intracellular and extracellular DNA. We also evaluated which taxa are deposited in sediment traps from the water column to identify potential paleolimnological bioindicators of environmental variations. Based on 18S rRNA gene amplicons, we developed and analyzed a micro-eukaryotic, monthly time series that spanned 3 years and was comprised of paired water column and sediment trap samples from Cultus Lake, British Columbia, Canada. Comparisons of assemblages derived from our genetic and morphological analyses using RV coefficients revealed significant correlations for diatoms, but weaker correlations for crustaceans. Intracellular DNA reads correlated more strongly with diatom morphology, while extracellular DNA reads correlated more strongly with crustacean morphology. Additional analyses of amplicon sequence variants shared between water and sediment trap samples revealed a wide diversity of taxa to study in paleolimnology, including Ciliophora, Dinoflagellata, Chytridiomycota, Chrysophyceae, and Cryptophyceae. Partial RDAs identified significant environmental predictors of these shared assemblages. Overall, our study demonstrates the effectiveness of DNA-based approaches to track community dynamics from sediment samples, an essential step for successful paleolimnological studies.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03297453
Contributor : Sabine Rossi <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 1:51:10 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 24, 2021 - 3:42:41 AM

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Joanna Gauthier, David Walsh, Daniel Selbie, Alyssa Bourgeois, Katherine Griffiths, et al.. Evaluating the congruence between DNA ‐based and morphological taxonomic approaches in water and sediment trap samples: Analyses of a 36‐month time series from a temperate monomictic lake. Limnology and Oceanography, Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2021, ⟨10.1002/lno.11856⟩. ⟨hal-03297453⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

13