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The Effect of TNF and Non-TNF-Targeted Biologics on Body Composition in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Abstract : Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with a decrease in lean mass and stability or even an increase in fat and ectopic adipose tissue. A few data are available on body composition changes under treatment, and data are still controversial. Body composition was assessed before initiation of biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) and after 6 and 12 months of stable treatment. Eighty-three RA patients were included (75% of women, mean age 58.5 ± 10.8 years) of whom 47 patients treated with TNF inhibitor (TNFi), 18 with non-TNF-targeted biologic (Non-TNFi), and 18 with conventional DMARD (cDMARD) alone. In the TNFi group, total lean mass, fat-free mass index, and skeletal muscle mass index significantly increased at 1 year. An increase in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) without change for the visceral or body fat composition was associated. These changes were associated with an improvement in strength and walking test. In non-TNFi or cDMARD groups, no significant changes for body composition or muscle function were observed at 1 year. However, no significant differences for treatment x time interaction were noted between group treatments. In active RA patients starting first bDMARD, treatment with TNFi over 1 year was associated with favorable changes of the body composition and muscle function.
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Contributor : Sabine Rossi <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 10:48:46 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 4:04:04 AM


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Gaelle Vial, Céline Lambert, Bruno Pereira, Marion Couderc, Sandrine Malochet-Guinamand, et al.. The Effect of TNF and Non-TNF-Targeted Biologics on Body Composition in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Journal of Clinical Medicine, MDPI, 2021, 10 (3), pp.487. ⟨10.3390/jcm10030487⟩. ⟨hal-03303468⟩



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