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IsoSolve: An Integrative Framework to Improve Isotopic Coverage and Consolidate Isotopic Measurements by Mass Spectrometry and/or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Abstract : Stable-isotope labeling experiments are widely used to investigate the topology and functioning of metabolic networks. Label incorporation into metabolites can be quantified using a broad range of mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy methods, but in general, no single approach can completely cover isotopic space, even for small metabolites. The number of quantifiable isotopic species could be increased and the coverage of isotopic space improved by integrating measurements obtained by different methods; however, this approach has remained largely unexplored because no framework able to deal with partial, heterogeneous isotopic measurements has yet been developed. Here, we present a generic computational framework based on symbolic calculus that can integrate any isotopic data set by connecting measurements to the chemical structure of the molecules. As a test case, we apply this framework to isotopic analyses of amino acids, which are ubiquitous to life, central to many biological questions, and can be analyzed by a broad range of MS and NMR methods. We demonstrate how this integrative framework helps to (i) clarify and improve the coverage of isotopic space, (ii) evaluate the complementarity and redundancy of different techniques, (iii) consolidate isotopic data sets, (iv) design experiments, and (v) guide future analytical developments. This framework, which can be applied to any labeled element, isotopic tracer, metabolite, and analytical platform, has been implemented in IsoSolve (available at https://github.com/MetaSys-LISBP/IsoSolve and https://pypi.org/project/IsoSolve), an open-source software that can be readily integrated into data analysis pipelines.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03307270
Contributor : Suzette Astruc <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 3:08:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:44:15 PM

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Pierre Millard, Serguei Sokol, Michael Kohlstedt, Christoph Wittmann, Fabien Létisse, et al.. IsoSolve: An Integrative Framework to Improve Isotopic Coverage and Consolidate Isotopic Measurements by Mass Spectrometry and/or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2021, 93 (27), pp.9428-9436. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.1c01064⟩. ⟨hal-03307270⟩

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