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Accelerostat study in conventional and microfluidic bioreactors to assess the key role of residual glucose in the dimorphic transition of Yarrowia lipolytica in response to environmental stimuli

Abstract : Yarrowia lipolytica, with a diverse array of biotechnological applications, is able to grow as ovoid yeasts or filamentous hyphae depending on environmental conditions. This study has explored the relationship between residual glucose levels and dimorphism in Y. lipolytica. Under pH stress conditions, the morphological and physiological characteristics of the yeast were examined during well-controlled accelerostat cultures using both a 1 L-laboratory scale and a 1 mL-microfluidic bioreactor. The accelerostat mode, via a smooth increase of dilution rate (D), enabled the cell growth rate to increase gradually up to the cell wash-out (D >mu max of the strain), which was accompanied by a progressive increase in residual glucose concentration. The results showed that Y. lipolytica maintained an ovoid morphology when residual glucose concentration was below a threshold value of around 0.35-0.37 mg L-1. Transitions towards more elongated forms were triggered at this threshold and progressively intensified with the increase in residual glucose levels. The effect of cAMP on the dimorphic transition was assessed by the exogenous addition of cAMP and the quantification of its intracellular levels during the accelerostat. cAMP has been reported to be an important mediator of environmental stimuli that inhibit filamentous growth in Y. lipolytica by activating the cAMP-PKA regulatory pathway. It was confirmed that the exogenous addition of cAMP inhibited the mycelial morphology of Y. lipolytica, even with glucose concentrations exceeding the threshold level. The results suggest that dimorphic responses in Y. lipolytica are regulated by sugar signaling pathways, most likely via the cAMP-PKA dependent pathway.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03309343
Contributor : Suzette Astruc <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 30, 2021 - 9:51:36 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:44:15 PM

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Julie Lesage, Asma Timoumi, Stéphanie Cenard, Eric Lombard, Harry L.T. Lee, et al.. Accelerostat study in conventional and microfluidic bioreactors to assess the key role of residual glucose in the dimorphic transition of Yarrowia lipolytica in response to environmental stimuli. New Biotechnology, Elsevier, 2021, 64, pp.37-45. ⟨10.1016/j.nbt.2021.05.004⟩. ⟨hal-03309343⟩

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