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Land use in urban areas impacts the composition of soil bacterial communities involved in nitrogen cycling. A case study from Lefkosia (Nicosia) Cyprus

Abstract : Abstract The different types of land-use and soil lithology in urban and peri-urban areas of modern cities compose a complex mosaic of soil ecosystems. It is largely unknown how these differences result in changes in bacterial community composition and structure as well as in functional guilds involved in N cycling. To investigate the bacterial composition and the proportion of denitrifiers in agricultural, forested, schoolyard and industrial areas, 24 samples were collected from urban and peri-urban sites of Lefkosia. Bacterial diversity and the proportion of denitrifiers were assessed by NGS and qPCR, respectively. Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteriodetes, Chloroflexi, Acidobacteria and Planctomycetes were identified as the most dominant phyla across all sites, while agricultural sites exhibited the highest bacterial diversity. Heavy metals such as Co, Pb, V and Al were identified as key factors shaping bacterial composition in industrial and schoolyard sites, while the bacterial assemblages in agricultural and forested sites were associated with Ca. Variance partitioning analysis showed that 10.2% of the bacterial community variation was explained by land use management, 5.1% by chemical elements due to soil lithology, and 1.4% by sampling location. The proportion of denitrifiers varied with land use management. In industrial and schoolyard sites, the abundance of the nos ZII bacterial community increased while nir K abundance declined. Our data showed that land use and lithology have a moderate impact on the bacterial assemblages in urban and peri-urban areas of Lefkosia. As the nos ZII bacterial community is important to the N 2 O sink capacity of soils, it would be interesting to elucidate the factors contributing to the proliferation of the nos ZII clade in these soils.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03311953
Contributor : Noureddine El Mjiyad <>
Submitted on : Monday, August 2, 2021 - 10:30:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 3, 2021 - 3:38:38 AM

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Coralea Stephanou, Michalis Omirou, Laurent Philippot, Andreas Zissimos, Irene Christoforou, et al.. Land use in urban areas impacts the composition of soil bacterial communities involved in nitrogen cycling. A case study from Lefkosia (Nicosia) Cyprus. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-87623-y⟩. ⟨hal-03311953⟩

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